نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1استادیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه بوعلی‌سینا، همدان، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه آزاد واحد همدان، همدان، ایران

3 استاد گروه نورولوژی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی همدان، همدان، ایران

4 دانشیار گروه نورولوژی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی همدان، همدان، ایران

5 نورولوژیست، بیمارستان سینا، همدان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: درد یک تجربه‌ی ذهنی است و چون دارای مؤلفه‌های شناختی و هیجانی بوده، می­تواند تحت تاثیر متغیرهای شخصیتی و روانشناختی قرار بگیرد که در ایجاد و یا بدتر کردن عامل اولیه درد نقش دارند. هدف پژوهش حاضر پیش‌بینی شدت دردهای عضلانی مزمن بر اساس تیپ شخصیتی، سخت‌رویی و حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده است.
روش‌ها:  این پژوهش یک مطالعه توصیفی و از نوع همبستگی است. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل 121 نفر از زنان متأهل مبتلابه درد عضلانی مزمن می‌باشند که به بیمارستان سینا،  کلینیک امام خمینی (ره)، کلینیک مباشر، کلینیک مهدیه، کلینیک خصوصی برخی از پزشکان در شهر همدان مراجعه کردند می‌باشند و توسط پزشک متخصص مغز و اعصاب مورد تشخیص قرار گرفتند و با روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. برای گردآوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه‌های میزان درد مزمن، تیپ شخصیتی C ، تیپ شخصیتی D، سخت رویی و حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده، مورداستفاده قرار گرفت. داده‌ها با روش‌های رگرسیون و همبستگی مورد تجزیه ‌و تحلیل قرار گرفت.
یافته‌ها: نتایج رگرسیون نشان داد سخت رویی (231/0- =Beta، 011/0p=) و حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده (194/0-=Beta، 031/0p= ) نقش معناداری در پیش‌بینی میزان درد عضلانی مزمن زنان متأهل دارند. نتایج همبستگی نیز نشان داد که تیپ‌های شخصیتی، سخت رویی و حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده با میزان درد عضلانی مزمن زنان متأهل رابطه معناداری دارند (05/0p< )).
نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به نتایج به‌دست‌آمده از پژوهش می‌توان به این نتیجه دست‌یافت که شدت دردهای عضلانی مزمن بر اساس تیپ شخصیتی، سخت‌رویی و حمایت اجتماعی قابل پیش‌بینی است. بنابراین پیشنهاد می­شود در کنار درمان های دارویی برای کاهش درد، عوامل روان شناختی و حمایت های روانشناختی نیز در بیماران مبتلا به درد عضلانی مزمن مورد توجه قرار گیرد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Prediction of Chronic Muscular Pain Based on Personality Type, Hardiness and Perceived Social Support

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Reza Zoghipaidar 1
  • Masome Azish 2
  • Mehrdokt Mazdeh 3
  • Ali Akbar Rezaei 4
  • Ali Reza Torabi 5

1 Assistant Professor, Department of psychology, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran.

2 M.A in clinical psychology, Azad University, Hamedan unit, Hamedan, Iran

3 Professor, Department of Neurosurgery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hameda, Iran

4 Associate Professor, Department of Neurology, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

5 Neurologist, Sina Hospital, Hamedan, Iran

چکیده [English]

Introduction: Pain is a mental experience, and because it has cognitive and emotional components, it can be influenced by personality and psychological variables that play a role in creating or worsening of its primary cause. This study aimed to predict the chronic muscular pain in terms of personality type, hardiness, and perceived social support.
Methods: This research was a descriptive correlational study. The sample included female married patients (N=121) with chronic muscular pain referred to the following medical centers: Sina Hospital, Imam Khomeini Clinical Center, Mobasher Clinical Center, Mahdieh Clinical Center, and certain healthcare centers privately owned by the physicians in the city of Hamedan, Iran. Patients’ diagnosis had been made by a neuro surgeon, and for this study, subjects were selected using convenience sampling method.
 To collect the data, chronic pain assessment questionnaire, type C and type D personality questionnaires, and hardiness scale questionnaire were used. The data were analyzed using a multivariate liner regression analysis.
Results: Regression results showed that hardiness (Beta = -0.231, p = 0.011) and perceived social support (Beta = -0.194, p = 0.031) play a negative and significant role in predicting chronic muscle pain in married women. With regard to our findings, there was a significant relationship between female married patients’ hardiness, personality traits of types C and D as well as perceived social support and chronic muscular pain (p<0.05).
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, it can be concluded that the severity of chronic muscle pain can be predicted based on hardiness and social support. Therefore, in addition to pharmacological treatments to reduce the pain, psychological factors and support in patients with chronic muscular pain should be taken into consideration.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • chronic muscular pain
  • Personality Type
  • Hardiness
  • Perceived social support

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