نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دکترای روان‌شناسی بالینی، باشگاه پژوهشگران و نخبگان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شیراز، شیراز، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: نیاز مبرمی برای شناسایی و کاربرد ابزار تشخیصی که بتواند رفتارهای تغذیه‌ای کودکان را مورد ارزیابی قرار دهد، احساس می‌شود. پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی مقدماتی ویژگی‌های روان‌سـنجی پرسـشنامـه رفتار تغذیه‌ای کودکان در کودکان 1 تا 5 ساله شهر شیراز  انجام گرفت.مواد و روش: نمونه‌ای 350 نفره (280دختر و 270پسر) بـه شـیوه در دسترس انتخاب شدند. پرسشنامه رفتار تغذیه‌ای کودکان(Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire)، پـس از ترجمـه و آماده‌سـازی مقـدماتی، توسـط مادران تکمیل گردید. برای بررسی اعتبار، از بازآزمایی و آلفای کرونباخ استفاده گردیـد. روایی سازه نیز با استفاده از تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی به روش مولفه‌های اصلی احراز گردید.یافته‌ها: اعتبـار بازآزمـایی با فاصله زمانی دو هفته و مقـدار آلفـا برای کل پرسشنامه به ترتیب برابر با 71/0 و 74/0 بود. نتایج تحلیل عاملی پرسشنامه نیز به استخراج شش مقیاس فرعی «تمایل نسبت به خوردن، تمایل به نوشیدن، کم‌خوری هیجانی، پرخوری هیجانی، کند خوردن و عدم لذت، تنوع‌طلبی» انجامید که در مجموع 53 درصد واریانس را تبیین می‌کردند.بحث و نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج حاصل از این مطالعه، نشانگر برخورداری پرسشنامه رفتار تغذیه‌ای کودکان از اعتبـار و روایـی مناسـب بـرای سنجش رفتارهای تغذیه‌ای کودکان در جمعیت کودکان 1 تا 6 ساله ایرانی بود. لذا پیشنهاد می‌شود در  موقعیت‌های پژوهش آزمایشگاهی و درمانی مورد استفاده قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Validity and Reliability of Children’s Eating Behavior Questionnaire

نویسنده [English]

  • R Nasirzadeh

Clinical Psychologist, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran

چکیده [English]

Background: There is an urgent need to identify and apply a diagnostic tool that can assess children’s eating behaviors. This study aimed to assess the validity and reliability of the Persian version of Children’s Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) in 1-6 year-old children in Shiraz.
Methods: The study participants included 350 children (280 girls and 270 boys) selected through convenience sampling. CEBQ was completed by the children’s mothers. Then, the reliability of the questionnaire was assessed using test-retest and Cronbach’s alpha methods. Its validity was also evaluated using exploratory factor analysis.
Results: The reliability of the questionnaire was assessed using test-retest method with a 2-week interval. Accordingly, test-retest and Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were 0.71 and 0.74, respectively. Additionally, the results of factor analysis revealed 6 subscales, namely desire to feed, desire to drink, emotional under-eating, emotional over-eating, slowness in eating, and variety seeking, which explained 53% of the variance.
Conclusion: The study results showed that CEBQ had appropriate psychometric properties for assessment of nutritional behaviors among 1-6 year-old children. Therefore, this instrument is recommended to be used in laboratory and clinical researches.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Child
  • Eating behavior
  • Validity
  • reliability

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