نوع مقاله: Original Article

نویسندگان

1 استاد، گروه جامعه شناسی، دانشکده اقتصاد، مدیریت و علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری جامعه شناسی، گروه جامعه شناسی، دانشکده اقتصاد، مدیریت و علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد پژوهش علوم اجتماعی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه یزد، یزد، ایران

10.30476/smsj.2019.79295.0

چکیده

مقدمه: اقبال رو به افزایش زنان به طب سنتی و مکمل نشان­دهنده­ی تغییراتی است که در حال وقوع می­باشد. پژوهش حاضر با هدف مطالعه عوامل مرتبط با میزان مصرف زنان از طب سنتی و مکمل انجام شده است.
مواد و روش­: این پژوهش مطالعه‌ای تحلیلی‌مقطعی بوده که در آن461 نفر از زنان مراجعه کننده به ۶ مرکز طب سنتی و مکمل شهر شیراز، با کسب رضایت از آنها و به روش تمام‌شماری مورد مطالعه قرارگرفتند. داده‌ها با استفاده ازپرسش‌نامه‌ی محقق‌ساخته که اعتبارو پایایی آن تاییدگردید، جمع‌آوری و با نرم افزار Spss تحلیل شدند. مدل اجتماعی-رفتاری استفاده از خدمات مراقبت از سلامت آندرسون نیز به عنوان مدل نظری انتخاب گردید.
یافته ­ها: طبق مدل نظری عوامل مرتبط با استفاده از طب سنتی و مکمل در قالب سه دسته عوامل مستعد کننده، عوامل توانمند کننده و نیازها مورد مطالعه قرار گرفتند. نتایج نشان دادند که متغیرهای وضعیت اشتغال، نگرش به طب سنتی و مکمل، شبکه های اجتماعی و دسترسی به طب سنتی و مکمل دارای رابطه مثبت و معنادار با میزان استفاده از طب سنتی و مکمل است.
بحث و نتیجه ­گیری: کلیددستیابی به ­مهمترین عوامل مرتبط با میزان استفاده زنان ازطب سنتی ومکمل در عوامل مستعدکننده­ای چون شبکه­های اجتماعی و نگرش مثبت به طب سنتی و مکمل و عوامل توانمند­کننده­ای مانند وضعیت اشتغال و دسترسی به طب سنتی و مکمل نهفته است. از آنجا که یافته­های پژوهش حاضر حاکی از عدم رابطه بسیاری از عوامل دموگرافیک با میزان استفاده از طب سنتی ومکمل است، بهتر است تمرکزتحقیقات آتی به سایر علل اجتماعی، فرهنگی مرتبط با استفاده از طب سنتی و مکمل باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Women and Non-Conventional Medicine: A study of Related Factors to the Use of Traditional and Complementary Medicine by Women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Majid Movahed Majd 1
  • Halimeh Enayat 1
  • Raziyeh Rayanpour 2
  • Khadijeh Fouladi 3

1 Professor, Department of Sociology and Social Planning, School of Social Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

2 Ph.D Student, Department of Sociology and Social Planning, School of Social Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

3 Graduate Student, School of Social Sciences, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran

چکیده [English]

Background: The increasing tendency of women towards the traditional and complementary medicine shows the changes taking place nowadays. The present study has been carried out with the aim of studying the factors related to the women’s use of traditional and complementary medicine.
Methods: This was an analytical and a cross-sectional study in which 464 women who visited six non-conventional medical centers and gave   their consent were studied using complete enumeration method. The data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire whose validity and reliability were confirmed and analyzed through SPSS software. The Andersen Socio-behavioral healthcare utilization model was selected as the theoretical model.
Results: Based on the theoretical model, the factors related to the use of traditional and complementary medicine were studied in three categories namely predisposing factors, enabling factors, and needs. The results showed that the variables such as job status, attitude toward the traditional and complementary medicine, social networks, and access to traditional and complementary medicine have a positive and significant correlation with the use of traditional and complementary medicine.
Discussion and Conclusion: The key factors related to the use of traditional and complementary medicine were predisposing factors like social networks and positive attitude toward the traditional and complementary medicine, and enabling factors like job status and access to traditional and complementary medicine. Since the findings of the present study show no correlation between many demographic factors and the use of traditional and complementary medicine, for future studies it is better to focus on other social and cultural factors related to the use of traditional and complementary medicine.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Complementary medicine
  • Social Networks
  • Traditional medicine
  • Women’s Health

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