نوع مقاله: Original Article

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، مرکز تحقیقات ایمنی بیمار، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد پرستاری مراقبت های ویژه، عضو هیئت علمی دانشکده پیراپزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

3 استادیار، عضو هیئت علمی دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز، شیراز، ایران

10.30476/smsj.2019.81775.1004

چکیده

مقدمه: دوران دانشجویی، دوران مهیج و پرچالشی می باشد. در طول این دوره کلیه دانشجوبان باید از سلامت روانی و خود اتکایی بیشتری برخوردار باشند تا بتوانند به توفیق روز افزون در تحصیل و حرفه خود دست یابند. از آنجایی که قسمت عمده ای از موفقیت تحصیلی بستگی به وضعیت روانی دانشجویان دارد، لذا این مطالعه با هدف، بررسی وضعیت روانشناختی و عملکرد تحصیلی دانشجویان پرستاری در دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی شیراز اجرا گردید.
مواد و روش: در این مطالعه ی مقطعی وضعیت روانی 144 نفر از دانشجویان پرستاری بر اساس پرسشنامه نشانگان روانی
(SCL-90-R) مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. پس از گردآوری پرسشنامه ها، دانشجویان بر اساس نمراتی که در آن کسب کردند، به دو گروه اصلی فاقد مشکل روانی و دارای مشکل روانی تقسیم شدند. در پایان دوره وضعیت تحصیلی آنها مشخص گردید و میزان رخداد افت تحصیلی در دو گروه تعیین شد.
نتایج: آنالیز داده ها نشان داد که 2/42 درصد دارای نشانه هایی از اختلالات روانی بودند، ولی ارتباط آماری معنی داری بین مشخصات دموگرافیک و معدل ترم های تحصیلی (10/2±98/15) با وضعیت روانی افراد مشاهده نشد (05/0> p). هرچند بین وضعیت روانی فرد با میزان علاقه فرد به رشته ارتباط آماری معنی داری وجود داشت (05/0>p).
بحث و نتیجه گیری: دانشجویان به دلیل شرایط ویژه ای دارند در معرض اختلالات روانی هستند که می تواند بر وضعیت تحصیلی آنان موثر باشد. لازم است در جهت تأمین و بسترسازی مناسب جهت پیشگیری از این اختلالات در دانشگاهها تدابیر ویژه ای اندیشیده شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

A Study on the Psychological State and Academic Performance of Nursing Students at Shiraz School of Nursing and Midwifery Shiraz, Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nader Aghakhni 1
  • Afshin Hazrati Marangaloo 2
  • Neda Jamalimoghadam 3
  • Fariba Ghodsbin 3

1 Associate professor Patient Research Center, Urmia University of Medical University, Urmia, Iran

2 MSc in Nursing, Intensive Care Nursing, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Urmia University of Medical Science, Urmia, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Nursing and Midwifery colledge, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

چکیده [English]

Introduction: Student life is an exciting and challenging era. During this period, all students must have more mental health and self-reliance so that they can achieve success in their education and career. Since the major part of academic success depends on the students' psychological state, this study was conducted to investigate the psychological status and academic performance of nursing students at the School of Nursing and Midwifery in Shiraz.
Method: In this cross-sectional study, the psychological state of 144 nursing students was evaluated based on a mental syndrome questionnaire (SCL-90-R). After collecting the questionnaires, the students were divided into two main groups, without psychological problems and with psychological problems, based on the scores obtained. At the end of the course, their educational status as well as the rate of academic failure were determined in both groups.
Result: Data analysis showed that 42.2% had signs of psychological disorders, but there was no statistically significant correlation between their demographic characteristics and semesterly GPA (15.98±2.10) and their mental status (p>0.05). However, there was a significant correlation between the psychological state of an individual and the level of interest in the field (p<0.05)
Discussion and Conclusion: Students are exposed to psychological disorders due to their special circumstances and this can affect their educational status. It is necessary to take special measures in order to pave the ground to prevent such disorders in universities.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Academic Performance
  • Nursing students
  • Psychological state

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