نوع مقاله: مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

گروه مدیریت خدمات بهداشتی و درمانی، واحد علوم وتحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران،ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: اهمیت نقش مدیران پرستاری در اثربخشی مراقبت از بیماران و بهبود کیفیت مراقبت های پرستاری غیر قابل انکار است. در این زمینه وجود معیارها و دستورالعمل های یکسان در مدیریت مراقبت های پرستاری ضروری به نظر می باشد. لذا  مطالعه حاضر با هدف ارائه الگویی جهت انتخاب، بکارگمارگیری و آموزش مدیران پرستاری انجام شد.مواد و روش: مطالعه حاضر یک مطالعه توصیفی-تطبیقی می باشد که در سال 1396 انجام گرفت. جامعه پژوهش شامل الگوهای رایج و در دسترس در زمینه انتخاب، آموزش و بکارگماری مدیران پرستاری در کشورهای انگلیس، آمریکا، کانادا، ترکیه، استرالیا و ایران بود. کلیدواژه های استفاده شده جهت استفاده شامل انتخاب، بکارگمارگیری، آموزش و مدیران پرستاری بود. اطلاعات مورد نیاز از طریق پایگاه های داده موجود در فضای اینترنتی، منابع کتابخانه ای و سایر مجلات الکترونیکی یا کاغذی جمع آوری گردید. در مرحله دوم، جهت معتبرسازی الگوی پیشنهادی، پرسشنامه­ای مشتمل بر 50 سؤال در زمینه انتخاب، بکارگماری و آموزش مدیران پرستاری تدوین گردید. روش تحلیل داده های حاصل از بخش تطبیقی پژوهش، تحلیل محتوا بود. در مرحله دوم، از نرم­افزار آماری SPSS 21 برای تحلیل نتایج یافته­ها و آزمون آماری Z برای هر سؤال استفاده شد.   یافته ها: یافته‌های پژوهش در سه بخش شامل انتخاب، آموزش و بکارگماری مدیران پرستاری ارائه شده است. در الگوی نهایی ارائه شده،30 عامل بعنوان عوامل موثر بر انتخاب، آموزش و بکارگماری مدیران پرستاری تعیین شدند. صلاحیت‌های علمی، صلاحیت‌های حرفه‌ای افراد، ویژگی‌های فردی، مهارت‌های انسانی افراد واجد شرایط، مهارت‌های مدیریتی افراد واجد شرایط و صلاحیت‌های اخلاقی افراد واجد شرایط از جمله ویژگی‌هایی است که در پژوهش حاضر به منظور انتخاب مدیر پرستاری مورد تایید قرار گرفت. برای آموزش مدیران پرستاری می توان از آموزش واحدهای درسی و برگزاری دوره‌های آموزشی و کنگره‌های مختلف استفاده نمود. برای بکارگماری مدیران پرستاری، توجه به نقش مدیران در برنامه‌های استراتژیک و راهبردی حائز اهمیت می باشد.نتیجه گیری: ضرورت توجه به ساختارهای اداری مناسب، روش های آموزشی موثر، قوانین و مقررات منابع انسانی و ارزشیابی با در نظر گرفتن اصول مراقبت پرستاری بایستی در انتخاب، آموزش و بکارگماری مدیران پرستاری مورد توجه قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing a Model for Indicators of Selection of Nursing Managers in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Arezu Abdollahi
  • Jamaleddin Tabibi
  • Ali Komeili

Department of Health Services Administration, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

Background: The importance of the role of nursing managersin the effectiveness of patient care and improvement of the nursing care quality is undeniable. In this regard, existence of identical criteria and instructions in nursing care management is crucial. Therefore, the present study was conducted to present a model for selection, recruitment, and training nursing managers.
Method: This descriptive-comparative study was carried out in 2017. The study population included common and available models in selecting, training, and employing nursing managers in the UK, the USA, Canada, Turkey, Australia, and Iran. The keywords used were nursing manager, recruitment, selection, and training. Information was collected through online databases, library resources, and other electronic or paper journals. To verify the suggested model, a 50-item questionnaire based on selection, recruitment, and training nursing managers was developed in the second stage of the study. The data analysis method was content analysis. In the second stage, SPSS 21 and Z Test were used for statistical analysis of the findings and for each question, respectively.
Results: The findings of the study are presented in three sections including selection, training, and recruitment of nursing managers. In the final model, 30 factors were identified as factors influencing the selection, training, and recruitment of nursing managers. Academic qualifications, professional qualifications of individuals, individual characteristics, human skills of qualified people, management skills of qualified individuals, and ethical qualifications of qualified individuals are among the characteristics that were approved in the present study to select a nursing manager. To train the nursing managers, we can use curricula and hold training courses and congresses in the health sector. In order to employ nursing managers, it is important to pay attention to the role of managers in strategic plans.
Conclusion: The need for paying attention to appropriate administrative structures, effective teaching methods, human resources, laws and regulations, and assessment considering the principles of nursing should be taken into consideration in selecting, training, and recruiting nursing managers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Nursing manager
  • Selection
  • hospital

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