نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

چکیده

مقدمه: مشارکت اجتماعی به عنوان راهبرد مؤثر در ارتقای سلامت می‌تواند سلامت افراد را تحت تاثیر قرار بدهد. در زنان با توجه به نقش اجتماعی آنها در جامعه، مشارکت اجتماعی می‌تواند رابطه قوی‌تری با سلامت داشته باشد. از این روی مطالعه حاضر به بررسی رابطه بین مشارکت اجتماعی و سلامت عمومی در زنان شهر ایلام پرداخت.مواد و روش: این پژوهش یک مطالعه مقطعی بود که بر روی 385 زن بالای 18سال در شهر ایلام در سال 1393با روش نمونه چندمرحله ای انجام شد. برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه های استاندارد مشارکت اجتماعی زنان و سلامت عمومی گلدبرگ (GHQ-28) استفاده شد. آزمون‌های تی تست، تحلیل واریانس یک طرفه، آزمون همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون خطی چندمتغیره  برای تحلیل داده‌ها استفاده شد.یافته‌ها: میانگین سن زنان در این مطالعه 12/7±12/35 سال برآورد شد. همچنین میانگین نمره سلامت عمومی زنان 18/9± 97/27  بود که نشان‌دهنده وضعیت مطلوب سلامت عمومی در زنان شهر ایلام بود. میانگین نمره مشارکت اجتماعی14/12± 25/78 به دست آمد. بین سلامت عمومی و مشارکت اجتماعی زنان همبستگی معنی‌دار آماری مشاهده شد(01/0,p=46/0-r=). همچنین در تحلیل رگرسیونی چند متغیره سلامت عمومی و متغیرهای مشارکت اجتماعی(01/0,p=70/3-B=) ، سن (01/0,p=94/2-B=) ، سطح تحصیلات (02/0,p=03/2-B=) و شغل (01/0,p=08/2-B=) معنی‌دار بودند.بحث و نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به عوامل مختلف مرتبط با سلامت عمومی در زنان و از طرفی اثر تجمعی عوامل بر مولفه‌های مشارکت اجتماعی، بهبود عوامل موثر قابل تعدیل نظیر مشارکت و حمایت های اجتماعی در زنان می‌تواند بر سلامت عمومی آنها اثر مستقیم داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Association between Social Partcipation and General Health among Women in Ilam

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohsen Niazi
  • M A Tosang
  • R Menati
  • Azam Nejadi
  • Aziz Kassani

چکیده [English]

Background: Social participation, as an effective strategy in health promotion, can affect individuals’ health. Given the social role of women in the society, social participation can have a stronger association with health. Therefore, the present study aimed to explore the relationship between social participation and general health among women in Ilam.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 385 women over 18 years old selected through multi-stage sampling in Ilam in 2014. The data were collected using Women’s Social Participation Factors questionnaire and 28-item Goldberg’s questionnaire. Then, the data were analyzed by Pearson’s correlation coefficient, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and multivariate linear regression analysis.
Results: The mean age of the study women was 35.12±7.12 years. Besides, their mean scores of general health and social participation were 27.97±9.18 and 78.25±12.14, respectively. The results showed a significant correlation between the women’s general health and social participation (r=-0.46, P=0.01). Moreover, general health and social participation (B=-3.70, P=0.01), age (B=-2.94, P=0.01), education level (B=-2.03, P=0.02), and occupation (B=-2.08, P=0.01) were statistically significant in multivariate regression analysis.
Conclusion: Considering the various variables related to the women’s general health and the cumulative effect of the variables on social participation, improvement of modifiable risk factors, such as social participation and support, can have a direct impact on women’s general health.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Social Participation
  • women
  • General health

  1. Hyyppa MT, Mäki J. Social participation and health in a community rich in stock of social capital. Health Education Research 2003;18(6):770-9.
  2. Hyyppä MT, Mäki J. Social participation and health in a community rich in stock of social capital. Health Education Research 2003;18(6):770-9.
  3. Myroniuk TW, Anglewicz P. Does Social Participation Predict Better Health? A Longitudinal Study in Rural Malawi. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 2015;56(4):552-73.
  4. MohammadiShahbolaghi F, SetareForuzan A, Hemmati S, Karimlu M. Associated Factors with Community Participation in Health. Social Welfare 2013; 13 (48) :47-72. (Persian)
  5. Alizadeh S, Mohseni M, Khanjani N, Momenabadi V. Correlation between social participation of women and their quality of life in Kerman. Journal of Health Promotion Management 2014;3(2):34-42.
  6. Shoja    M,    NabaviSh, Kassani   A, BagheriYazdi SA. Factor analysis of social capital and  its  relations  with  mental  health  of  older people  in  Tehran  9   district.  Journal of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences 2011; 3: 81-9. (Persian).
  7. Donnelly EA, Hinterlong JE. Changes in social participation and volunteer activity among recently widowed older adults. The Gerontologist 2010;50(2):158-69.
  8. Mohammadi MA, Aliabadi V, Karimian N. Social Capital Condition among Rural Bread Winner Women. Social Welfare Quarterly 2014;13(51):7-24. (Persian)
  9. Lee HY, Jang SN, Lee S, Cho SI, Park EO. The relationship between social participation and self-rated health by sex and age: a cross-sectional survey. International Journal of Nursing Studies 2008;45(7):1042-54.
  10. Sirven N, Debrand T. Social participation and healthy ageing: An international comparison using SHARE data. Social Science & Medicine 2008;67(12):2017-26.
  11. Floud S, Balkwill A, Canoy D, Reeves GK, Green J, Beral V, Cairns BJ. Million Women Study Collaborators. Social participation and coronary heart disease risk in a large prospective study of UK women. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology 2015;2(15):212-222.
  12. Lindström M, Hanson BS, Östergren PO. Socioeconomic differences in leisure-time physical activity: the role of social participation and social capital in shaping health related behaviour. Social Science & Medicine 2001;52(3):441-51.
  13. Noorbala AA, Yazdi SB, Yasamy MT, Mohammad K. Mental health survey of the adult population in Iran. The British Journal of Psychiatry 2004;184(1):70-3.
  14. Giesel F, Rahn C. Everyday Life in the Suburbs of Berlin: Consequences for the Social Participation of Aged Men and Women. Journal of women & Aging 2015;27(4):330-51.
  15. Bourassa KJ, Memel M, Woolverton C, Sbarra DA. Social participation predicts cognitive functioning in aging adults over time: comparisons with physical health, depression, and physical activity. Aging & Mental Health 2015;4(12):1-4.
  16. Lindström M, Hanson BS, Östergren PO. Socioeconomic differences in leisure-time physical activity: the role of social participation and social capital in shaping health related behaviour. Social Science & Medicine 2001;52(3):441-51.
  17. Rodriguez MI. Social participation and health promotion in El Salvador (1970–2014). Global Health Promotion 2014;21(4):3-6.
  18. Cicognani E, Pirini C, Keyes C, Joshanloo M, Rostami R, Nosratabadi M. Social participation, sense of community and social well-being: A study on American, Italian and Iranian university students. Social Indicators Research 2008;89(1):97-112.
  19. Rogoff B. Apprenticeship in thinking: Cognitive development in social context. Oxford University Press; 1990: 225-278.
  20. Deck R, Walther AL, Staupendahl A, Katalinic A. Limitations of Social Participation in General Population-Normative Data of the IMET based on a Population-Based Survey in Northern Germany. Die Rehabilitation 2015;54(6):402-8.
  21. Mousavi MT. Social Participation as a Component of Social Capital. Social Welfare 2007; 6 (12):67-92.
  22. Noorbala AA, Mohammad K. The validation of general health questionnaire-28 as a psychiatric screening tool. Hakim Research Journal 2009;11(4):47-53. (Persian)
  23. Safiri K, Sadeghe M. Girl students social participation of social sciences faculties in ties in Tehran  universities  and  effective  factors  on  it.  Journal of Applied Sociology 2009;20(2):1-34.
  24. Navidian A, Masoudi G, Mousavi S. Work-related Stress and the General Health of Nursing Staffs in Zahedans’ Hospitals Emergency Wards (2004). Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci) 2005;9(3):22-33. (Persian)