نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مرکز تحقیقات مراقبت های روان جامعه نگر، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز، شیراز، ایران

2 دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی حضرت فاطمه(س)، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز، شیراز، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: سالمندی با تحلیل قوای جسمی و روحی و معلولیت و انزوای اجتماعی همراه است که سبب ناامیدی در سالمندان می‌شود. امید به زندگی، سبب تقویت انگیزه برای حرکت در مسیرهای منتهی به اهداف مطلوب می گردد. در این راستا، سازگاری مذهبی با استفاده از استراتژی های شناختی و رفتاری مبتنی بر مذهب ، فرد را در مدیریت تنش های عاطفی و ناراحتی‌های جسمانی یاری میدهد . هدف این مطالعه بررسی ارتباط بین راهبردهای مقابله مذهبی مثبت و منفی با میزان امید در سالمندان مراجعه کننده به مراکز روزانه سالمندی در شیراز بود.مواد و روش: این مطالعه به صورت توصیفی و تحلیلی انجام شد. نمونه پژوهش شامل 200 نفر است که به روش نمونه گیری در دسترس از بین جمعیت سالمندان مراجعه کننده انتخاب شدند. ابزار گردآوری داده ها شامل ‌پرسشنامه امید اشنایدر و فرم کوتاه مقابله مـذهبی بود. داده های این مطالعه توسط نرم افـزارSPSS  ورژن 19با استفاده از آزمونهای آمـاری تی مستقل، آنالیز واریانس یک طرفـه و ضـریب همبـستگی پیرسون مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.یافته ها: میانگین نمره امید7/48 با انحراف معیار 23/8 بود که نشان داد که میزان امید سالمندان متوسط است. همچنین سالمندان اکثراً از راهبردهای مقابله ای مذهبی مثبت (35/3 ±6/23) استفاده می کردند و از راهبردهای مقابله ای منفی (12/4 ±02/12) کمتر استفاده می شد. به علاوه ارتباط معنی داری بین امیدواری در سالمندان با راهبردهای مقابلۀ مذهبی مثبت  (001/0>p، 403/0=r) و منفی (001/0>p، 361/0-=r) وجود داشت در آنالیز رگرسیون خطی نیز راهبردهای مقابلۀ مذهبی 1/23 % از واریانس در نمره امید را تبیین می نمودند.بحث و نتیجه گیری: با توجه به نقش راهبردهای مقابلۀ مذهبی مثبت در ارتقاء امید و راهبردهای مذهبی منفی در کاهش امید لازم است برنامه ریزی هایی اتخاذ گردد که سالمندان به استفاده از شیوه های سازگاری مثبت تشویق گردند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Association between Negative and Positive Religious Coping and Level of Hope among the Elderly Referring to Day Centers in Shiraz

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sakineh Gholamzadeh 1
  • Fereshteh Dehghanrad 2
  • Niloufar Pasyar 1
  • Ladan Zarshenas 1
  • Leila Kargar 2
  • Mahboubeh Magharei 2

1 Community Based Psychiatric Care research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Fatemeh Nursing and Midwifery School, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

چکیده [English]

Background: Aging is accompanied by a reduction in physical and psychological health, disability, and social isolation, which causes hopelessness in the elderly. Life expectancy can strengthen the motivation for moving towards desirable goals. Religious coping, by adopting cognitive and behavioral strategies, helps individuals to manage emotional tension and physical discomfort. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between negative and positive religious coping and level of hope among the elderly referring to the elderly day centers in Shiraz.
Methods: This cross-sectional correlation study was performed on 200 elderly people who had been referred to the elderly day centers in Shiraz-Iran. The participants were selected through convenience sampling method. The data collection tool included demographic data questionnaire, Hope questionnaire, and a short questionnaire for religious coping. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version 19 using descriptive and analytic statistics including independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and linear regression test.
Results: The mean score of hope was 48.7 with a standard deviation of 8.23 which indicated moderate level of hope in the studied subjects. Results also showed a significant correlation between positive religious coping (r = 0.403, p <0.001), and negative religious coping (r = -0.361, p <0.001) with level of hope in the elderly people. In linear regression analysis, religious coping strategies explained 23.1% of variance in the hope score.
Conclusion: Considering the role of positive religious coping strategies in promoting hope, it is better to pay more attention to this subject in future planning.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Religious coping
  • hope
  • Aging

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