نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دکتری پرستاری، مرکز تحقیقات مراقبت‌های روان جامعه نگر، دانشکده پرستاری مامایی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز، شیراز، ایران

2 مرکز تحقیقات مراقبت‌های روان جامعه‌نگر، دانشکده پرستاری مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز، شیراز، ایران

3 مربی، مرکز تحقیقات مراقبت‌های روان جامعه نگر، دانشکده پرستاری مامایی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز، شیراز، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: برخورداری از توانمندی حرفه‌ای با عملکردها مرتبط بوده و منجر به افزایش سلامت عمومی بیماران می شود. به علاوه کاهش سطح توانمندی در پرستاری یکی از نگرانی‌های مهم است. لزوم انجام بررسی توانمندی بالینی در دانشجویان پرستاری دارای اهمیت است. لذا پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی توانمندی بالینی دانشجویان پرستاری و عوامل مرتبط با آن بعد از تجربه برنامه پرسپترشیپ صورت گرفت.مواد و روش: مطالعه حاضر به صورت مقطعی روی 114 دانشجوی پرستاری که برنامه پرسپترشیپ را تجربه کرده بودند، انجام شد. از فهرست توانمندی دانشجویان پرستاری جهت جمع آوری اطلاعات استفاده شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها با استفاده از نرم افزار SPSS نسخه 20 انجام شد. از آمار استنباطی تی تست و آنوا برای تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات استفاده شد.یافته‌ها: میانگین نمره توانمندی دانشجویان بعد از تجربه برنامه پرسپترشیپ 56/39±48/240 بود. به علاوه میانگین تک تک گویه ها 89/0±46/5 بود. به علاوه بین توانمندی بالینی دانشجویان پرستاری با سن، محل گذراندن کارآموزی/کارورزی با پرسپتر، تعداد غیبت در طول دوره، تمایل به ادامه تحصیل و میزان علاقه دانشجو به رشته ارتباط وجود داشت (05/0>p).بحث و نتیجه‌گیری: مطالعه حاضر نشان داد که توانمندی دانشجویان پرستاری بعد از تجربه برنامه پرسپترشیپ در حد رضایت بخش تا بالا بود، لذا به منظور ارتقا توانمندی دانشجویان اجرای این برنامه پیشنهاد می‌گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Nursing Students’ Clinical Competency after Experiencing Preceptorship Program

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masoume Rambod 1
  • Fariba Ghodsbin 2
  • Noushin Beheshtipour 3

1 PhD, Community Based Psychiatric Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Community Based Psychiatric Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 Community Based Psychiatric Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

چکیده [English]

Background: Professional competency is associated with performance and increases patients’ general health. On the other hand, decrease in the level of competency in nursing is one of the major concerns. Thus, clinical competence has to be examined in nursing students. This study aimed to assess nursing students’ clinical competency and its related factors after experiencing the preceptorship program.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 114 nursing students who had experienced preceptorship program. The data were collected using the Competency Inventory of Nursing Students. Then, the data were entered into the SPSS statistical software, version 20 and were analyzed using t-test and ANOVA.
Results: The nursing students’ mean score of competency was 240.48±39.56 after experiencing the preceptorship program. In addition, the mean score of each item was 5.46±0.89. Moreover, the nursing students’ clinical competency was associated with age, location of apprenticeship/internship with preceptor, number of absences during the course, willingness to continue one’s education, and interest in nursing (P<0.05).
Conclusion: This study showed that the nursing students’ clinical competency was high after experiencing the preceptorship program. Therefore, this program is recommended to enhance nursing students’ competency

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Competency
  • Nursing students
  • Preceptorship

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