Document Type: Original Article
Ph.D. Candidates in Clinical Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Education and Psychology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
M.A. in Psychology, NIOC Health Organization, Shiraz, Iran
Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Education and Psychology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Introduction: Hospitalization is one of the outcomes of multiple sclerosis (MS) that can have different effects on the quality of life of patients. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the consequences of hospitalization on physical and mental dimensions of quality of life in patients with MS.
Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 162 patients with MS (in three groups: non- hospitalization, 1-2 times of hospitalization, and ≥ 3 times of hospitalization) were selected by consecutive sampling and they were examined using clinical and demographic variables inventory and the Health Survey questionnaire (SF-36). The data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), and post hoc test of Fisher least significant difference (LSD).
Results: The analyses showed that the effects of hospitalization were significant in vitality, mental health, and mental component summary (P < 0.05). Following the difference between means in hospitalization groups showed that patients with ≥ 3 times of hospitalization in all identified significant variables have lower mean scores (P < 0.05). In the meantime, significant differences were not observed between different groups of hospitalization in terms of physical dimensions of quality of life (P > 0.05).
Conclusions: The consequences of hospitalization in MS patients leads to reduced psychological dimensions of quality of life in such patients and its effects in patients with high hospitalization rate is significant/noticeable.
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