نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد مشاوره ، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد واحد خمینی شهر،اصفهان، ایران

2 استادیارگروه مددکاری اجتماعی، دانشکده علوم انسانی ، دانشگاه آزاد واحد خمینی شهر، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: بیماری مولتیپل اسکلروزیس نوعی بیماری مزمن است که ناتوانی و کارکرد پایین ناشی از آن، افراد را به سوی احساس فقدان شایستگی و اطمینان از خود، کاهش احساس شادکامی و ایجاد مشکل در بهزیستی روان‌شناختی سوق می‌دهد؛ لذا لازم است مداخلات روان شناختی جهت بهبود وضعیت سلامت روحی این بیماران انجام گیرد؛ بنابراین پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی اثربخشی مشاوره با رویکرد مثبت‌گرا بر شکوفایی، بهزیستی روان شناختی و شادکامی بیماران مبتلا به مولتیپل اسکلروزیس شهر اصفهان در بهار و تابستان سال 1397 انجام شد.
روش ­ها: این پژوهش از نوع نیمه آزمایشی با گروه آزمایش و کنترل و دوره پیگیری یک ماهه بود. شرکت کنندگان پژوهش، 34 بیمار مبتلا به مولتیپل اسکلروزیس بودند که بر اساس سن و تحصیلات به صورت همتاسازی در دو گروه کنترل (17 نفر) و آزمایش (17 نفر) قرار گرفتند و پیش آزمون اجرا شد. گروه آزمایش به مدت هشت جلسه 90 دقیقه‌ای هفتگی طی یک ماه مشاوره با رویکرد مثبت‌گرا شرکت کردند و گروه کنترل در لیست انتظار بودند. پس از اتمام جلسات درمان و یک ماه پس از اجرا، مجدداً آزمون ها گرفته شد. برای جمع آوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه شکوفایی سلیمانی و همکاران (1394)، پرسشنامه بهزیستی روان شناختی ریف (1989) و پرسشنامه شادکامی آکسفورد (1990) استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج تحلیل واریانس با اندازه گیری مکرر نشان داد مشاوره با رویکرد مثبت گرا بر شکوفایی بیماران مبتلا به مولتیپل اسکلروزیس تاثیر ندارد؛ لیکن منجر به افزایش بهزیستی روان شناختی (نمرات از 64/52 به 50/60 رسیده است) و احساس شادکامی (نمرات از 71/62 به 84/72 رسیده است) بیماران مبتلا به مولتیپل اسکلروزیس گردیده است (05/0>p).
نتیجه گیری: با توجه به یافته ها،  شرکت در جلسات مشاوره با رویکرد مثبت گرا می‌تواند به پیشگیری از مشکلات روان شناختی و بهبود وضعیت روان شناختی بیماران مبتلا به مولتیپل اسکلروزیس کمک کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Impact of Consultation with a Positive Approach on Prosperity, Psychological Well-Being, and Happiness in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zohre Alibabaee 1
  • Batool Aminjafari Dehagani 2

1 M.A. of Counseling, Faculty of Humanities, Khomeini Shahr Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

2 Assistant professor of social work Group , Faculty of Humanities,Islamic Azad University of Khomeini shahr, Isfahan,Iran

چکیده [English]

Introduction: Multiple Sclerosis is a chronic disease that results in disability and low functioning, leading to feelings of lack of competence and self-confidence, reduced happiness, and difficulty in psychological well-being; therefore, psychological interventions are needed to improve health status. This study aimed to test if counseling with a positive attitude impact the prosperity, psychological well-being, and happiness of patients with multiple sclerosis.
Methods: This was a semi-experimental study with a control and experimental group and a one-month follow-up period conducted in Isfahan in the spring and summer of 2018. The participants of the study were 34 patients with multiple sclerosis who were homogenous in their age and education in two groups of control (n=17) and experimental (n=17).  A pre-test was performed, then the experimental group took part in the positive-oriented counseling session for eight consecutive 90-minute sessions within a month and the control group was on the waiting list. After the treatment sessions were completed and post-test was conducted one month after. To collect the data, we used Soleymani et al. prosperity questionnaire (2013), Ryff Psychological Well-being Questionnaire (1989), and Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (1990).
Results: The results of the repeated analysis of variance showed that counseling with a positive approach did not affect the prosperity of patients with multiple sclerosis; however, it led to an increase in psychological well-being (scores ranging from 64/52 to 60/50) and happiness (scores ranging from 71/62 to 72/84) of the patients with multiple sclerosis (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: It can be concluded that taking part in counseling sessions with a positive approach can help prevent psychological problems and improve the psychological state of patients affected by multiple sclerosis.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Psychological Well-being
  • Happiness
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Counseling with a positive approach
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