نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد آسیب‌شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد خوراسگان، اصفهان، ایران

2 استادیار طب فیزیکی ، گروه پزشکی ورزشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان،اصفهان، ایران

3 استادیار فیزیولوژی ورزش، گروه تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه امام حسین(ع)، دانشگاه حضرت امیرالمؤمنین(ع)، اصفهان. ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: با توجه به اینکه دیسکوباتی یک بیماری رایج بوده و شیوه‌های مختلف سنتی و ورزشی در درمان آن مؤثر هست، لذا هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی مقایسه تأثیر 8 هفته طب سوزنی و ورزش در آب بر روی میزان درد، دامنه‌ی حرکتی و کیفیت زندگی بیماران مبتلابه دیسکوپاتی کمر بود.
مواد و روش: نمونه این پژوهش شامل 24 نفر زن مبتلابه بیماری دیسکوپاتی کمر شهرستان اصفهان بود که به 2 گروه 12 نفری تقسیم شدند. پس از انتخاب آزمودنی‌ها، میانگین نمرات درد، معاینه فیزیکی فرد،  بیماران کمردرد و کیفیت زندگی بیمار به ترتیب به‌وسیله شاخص دیداری درد (VAS)، آزمون بالا آوردن مستقیم پا (SLR) و پرسشنامه کیفیت زندگی(SF36) ثبت شد. گروه تجربی، برنامه حرکت‌درمانی در آب و طب سوزنی را به مدت 8 هفته و هر هفته سه جلسه 45 تا 60 دقیقه‌ای دریافت کردند. به‌منظور تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون کولموگروف-اسمیرنوف و آزمون‌ آماری t همبسته و آزمون t مستقل استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج این تحقیق نشان داد که پس از 8 هفته طب سوزنی و ورزش در آب بر روی میزان درد، دامنه‌ حرکتی و کیفیت زندگی بیماران زن مبتلابه دیسکوپاتی کمر تأثیر معناداری مشاهده شد(00/0> p). بااین‌حال تفاوت معنی‌داری در دو گروه طب سوزنی و ورزش در آب مشاهده نشد(12/0p=).
بحث و نتیجه‌گیری: طب سوزنی و ورزش در آب اثرات مثبتی در کاهش میزان درد و بهبود دامنه‌ی حرکتی و افزایش کیفیت زندگی در مبتلایان به دیسکوپاتی کمر ایجاد کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Eight-week Acupuncture and Aquatic Exercise on the Amount of Pain, Motor Range and Quality of Life in Patients with lumbar Discopathy

نویسندگان [English]

  • Afrooz Mostaghel 1
  • Mohammad Salaki 2
  • Naser Rahimi 3

1 MSC sport injury and corrective exercise, Islamic Azad University of Khorasgan Branch, Isfahan, Iran

2 Associate professor of Physical medicine, Department of Sport Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

3 Associate professor of exercise physiology, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Imam Hossein university, Amir-Almomenin University, Isfahan, Iran

چکیده [English]

Background: Since lumbar discopathy is a common disease and various traditional and ttherapeutic exercise methods are effective in treating it, the purpose of this study was a comparison of the effectiveness of eight-week acupuncture and aquatic exercise on the amount of pain, motor range and quality of life in patients with lumbar discopathy.
Methods: The statistical sample in this study is comprised of 24 women who suffered from lumbar discopathy in Isfahan; they were divided into 2 groups of 12 people. After a specialist selected the subjects, the average score of pain, physical examination, physical evaluation of patients with low back pain and patient's quality of life were recorded by VAS, SLR test and quality of life questionnaire (SF36), respectively. The experimental group received a three-session aquatic exercise and acupuncture for 45-60 minutes for eight consecutive weeks. Then, to analyze the data, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, T-test and independent t-test were used.
Result: The results of this study showed that after eight weeks of acupuncture and aquatic exercise there was a significant effect on female patients’ pain, motor range and quality of life (P=0/00). However, there was no significant difference between the two groups in acupuncture and aquatic exercise (P=0/12)
Conclusion: Acupuncture and aquatic exercise have a positive effect on reducing the amount of pain and improving the range of motion and quality of life in patients with lumbar discopathy. Therefore, individuals and patients suffering from lumbar pain should be advised to place acupuncture and exercise programs on the water in their daily programs to improve their pain, range of motion and quality of life.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Lower back pain
  • Acupuncture
  • Pain rate
  • Quality of life

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