نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه آموزشی روانشناسی، واحد شیراز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، شیراز، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه آموزشی روانشناسی، واحد شیراز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، شیراز، ایران

3 دانشیار، مرکز تحقیقات بیماری های پستان، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز، شیراز، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: با توجه به کیفیت زندگی و خلق پایین بیماران مبتلا به سرطان سینه، هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی رابطه خودشفقتی و سلامت معنوی با کیفیت زندگی و حالات خلقی در زنان مبتلا به سرطان سینه در شهر شیراز بود.مواد و روش ها: جامعه آماری پژوهش زنان مبتلا به سرطان سینه بودند که به مراکز درمانی شهر شیراز مراجعه کرده بودند. نمونه پژوهش که به روش دردسترس انتخاب گردید شامل 270 نفر از افرادی بودند که شیمی درمانی و عمل شده و برای پیگیری بعد از عمل به درمانگاه مطهری شیراز مراجعه کرده بودند. برای اندازه گیری متغیرهای پژوهش از پرسشنامه کیفیت زندگی (سازمان جهانی بهداشت،1996)، پرسشنامه نیمرخ حالات خلقی (مکنیر و دراپلمن،1971)، مقیاس خود شفقتی (رِیس و همکاران،2011) و مقیاس ﺳﻼﻣﺖ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻱ مقیاس (ﭘﻮﻟـﻮﺗﺰﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻴــﺴﻮﻥ،1982) استفاده شد. پایایی ابزار با استفاده از روش آلفای کرونباخ مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. به منظور تحلیل اطلاعات از روش تحلیل رگرسیون به شیوه همزمان استفاده شد.یافته ها: یافته ها بیانگر این بود که خود شفقتی و ﺳﻼﻣﺖ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻱ پیش بین مثبت و معنی دار کیفیت زندگی و منفی و معنی دار حالات خلقی در زنان مبتلا به سرطان سینه بودند. علاوه بر این نتایج بیانگر این بود که ابعاد خود شفقتی نیز پیش بینی کننده مثبت و معنی دار کیفیت زندگی و منفی و معنی دار حالات خلقی است. اما از بین دو بعد سلامت معنوی (سلامت ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ و ﺳﻼﻣﺖ ﻭﺟﻮﺩﻱ) تنها بعد سلامت مذهبی پیش بینی کننده کیفیت زندگی و حالات خلقی بود.بحث و نتیجه گیری:توجه به خودشفقتی و معنویت که قادر به پیش بینی معنی دار حالات خلقی و کیفیت زندگی بوده اند و در خلال آنها توجه به ابعاد پیش بینی کننده هریک در مطالعات و برنامه های درمانی حائز اهمیت است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between Self-Compassion and Spiritual Health with Quality of Life and Mood in Women with Breast Cancer

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra khoshnoudfar 1
  • Banafsheh Omidvar 2
  • Sedigheh Tahmasebi 3

1 M.A, Department of Psychology, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran

2 Ph.D. Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Shiraz Branch. Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran

3 M.D. Associate Professor, Breast Diseases Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

چکیده [English]

Background: Considering the life quality and short-temperedness of breast cancer patients, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between self-compassion and spiritual health with quality of life and mood in women with breast cancer in Shiraz.
Methods: The statistical population of the study was women with breast cancer who referred to health centers in Shiraz. The sample of the study, selected by available method, included 270 women who had undergone surgery and chemotherapy and referred to Motahari Clinic in Shiraz for post-operative follow up. In order to measure the variables of the research, the quality of life questionnaire (World Health Organization, 1996), the mood profiling questionnaire (McNeir and Dappleman, 1971), the self-compassion scale (Rees et al., 2011) and the spiritual health scale (Polotzin and Ellison, 1982) were used. Reliability was evaluated using Cronbach's alpha method. In order to analyze the data, simultaneous regression analysis method was used.
Results: The findings indicated that self-compassion and spiritual health were a positive and significant predictor of quality of life and that they were negative and significant regarding the mood of women with breast cancer. In addition, the results indicated that self-compassion dimensions are also a positive and significant predictor of quality of life and that they are a negative and significant predictor of mood. However, from the two dimensions of spiritual health (religious health and existential health), only religious dimension was a predictor of quality of life and mood.
Conclusion: Paying attention to self-compassion and spirituality that predicted mood and quality of lifeand their subscales is important in reaserch and therapeutic programs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Self-Compassion
  • spiritual health
  • Quality of life
  • mood
  • Breast cancer

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