نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

مربی، گروه علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: ابتلا به سرطان و درمان­های طولانی­مدت و دردآور آن می تواند تاثیرات روانشناختی عمیقی بر کودکان داشته باشد. از سویی دیگر، نیاز به بستری شدن مکرر، مشکلاتی مانند ترس از محیط بیمارستان را به همراه دارد. بنابراین پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین تاثیر کتاب­داستان­درمانی بر ترس از محیط­های درمانی، در کودکان مبتلا به سرطان انجام ­شد.مواد و روش: پژوهش حاضر یک مطالعه نیمه-تجربی است. بیست کودک 5 تا 7 ساله مبتلا به سرطان در بیمارستان امیر شیراز در سال1395، با روش نمونه گیری تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند و با روش بلوک تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل قرار گرفتند. ابزار پژوهش، سیاهه ­وارسی ترس از محیط بیمارستان (Hospital Fears Rating Scale) بود. داستان­خوانی، برای گروه آزمایش در 15 جلسه 30 دقیقه­ای طی دوماه، انجام شد. قبل و دوماه پس از مداخله، والدین در هر دو گروه­ پرسشنامه را تکمیل کردند. داده­ها با استفاده از نرم افزار SPSS ویرایش 16، با آزمون های توصیفی و t زوجی و وابسته آنالیز شدند. یافته­ها: یافته­ها نشان داد که میانگین نمره ترس کودکان مبتلا به سرطان از محیط‌های درمانی در گروه آزمایش قبل (9/5 ±8/28) و بعداز انجام مداخله (001/0≥ p ،65/5±7/23) متفاوت بود. همچنین میانگین نمره ترس کودکان از محیط های درمانی بین گروه آزمایش و کنترل (001/0= p ،58/5±5/27) بعد از انجام مداخله متفاوت بود. بحث و نتیجه گیری: ­کتاب­درمانی با داستان­خوانی به صورت انفرادی، در کاهش ترس کودکان مبتلا به سرطان از محیط­های درمانی تاثیر مثبتی دارد. بنابراین می توان کاربرد آن را در محیط های درمانی کودکان مبتلا به سرطان توصیه کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Life Skills Training on the Level of Hope in Recovering Addicts Referring to the Zahedan Psychiatric Center

نویسنده [English]

  • Mahboubeh Hasanshahi

Department of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Payame Noor University, PO BOX 19395-3697 Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

Background: Cancer and its long-term and painful treatments could have profound psychological impacts on children. On the other hand, the need for frequent hospitalization is accompanied by problems such as the fear of the hospital environment. Therefore, the present study was conducted with the aim of determining the effectiveness of bibliotherapy on the fear of hospital environments in children with cancer.
Method: In this semi-experimental study, 20 children with cancer (5 -7 years old) were selected by simple random sampling method in 2016 from Amir Hospital in Shiraz. These cancer patients were assigned to two groups of experimental and control based on random blocks. The research tool was the Hospital Fears Rating Scale. The storytelling was performed for the experimental group in 15 sessions for 30 minutes during two months. Before and after two months of   the intervention, the parents in both groups completed the questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version 16 using descriptive, independent and paired t-tests.
Results: Findings showed that the mean score of fear of children with cancer of hospital environment was significantly different in the experimental group before (26.8 ±5.9) and after the intervention (23.7±5.65, P<0.001). Also, the posttest mean scores of the experimental and control groups (27.5 ±5.58, P=0.001) were significantly different.
Conclusion: Bibliotherapy has a positive effect on reducing the fear of hospital environment in children with cancer. Therefore, it is recommended that bibliotherapy be used in the medical environment with children with cancer.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bibliotherapy
  • cancer
  • children
  • Environment
  • Fear
  • hospital

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