نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی و عضو هیات علمی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی هرمزگان، بندرعباس، ایران

2 استادیار و عضو هیئت علمی، مرکز تحقیقات مراقبتهای روان جامعه نگر، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز، شیراز، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: مراقبان بیماران مبتلا به استروک ممکن است در معرض مشکلات روحی و روانی باشند. این مطالعه با هدف تعیین شیوع افسردگی، اضطراب و استرس مراقبان بیماران مبتلا به استروک انجام شد.مواد و روش: مطالعه حاضر به صورت توصیفی و مقطعی انجام شد. 122 مراقب بیماران مبتلا به استروک مراجعه کننده به بیمارستان پیامبر اعظم بندرعباس به شیوه نمونه گیری آسان در این مطالعه شرکت کردند. از مقیاس افسردگی، اضطراب و استرس (DASS-21) برای جمع آوری اطلاعات استفاده شد. تحلیل داده ها با استفاده از آزمون کای دو و آنوا انجام شد.یافته ها: 68 درصد مراقبان بیماران مبتلا به استروک از افسردگی خفیف تا خیلی شدید رنج می بردند. نزدیک به دو سوم و نیمی از مراقبان بیماران مبتلا به استروک به ترتیب اضطراب و استرس خفیف تا خیلی شدید را تجربه می کردند.نتایج مطالعه نشان داد بین سطح افسردگی با جنسیت مراقبان (01/0=p و15/11=2c) و سن مراقبان (02/0=p و30/3=F) ارتباط معنی دار آماری وجود داشت. به علاوه بین سطح اضطراب مراقبان با جنسیت بیماران (007/0=p و04/12=2c) و سن بیماران (001/0=p و93/5=F) ارتباط وجود داشت.بحث و نتیجه‌گیری: یافته های این مطالعه گویای وجود افسردگی و اضطراب در درصد بالایی از مراقبان بیماران مبتلا به استروک بود. به علاوه نیمی از مراقبان استرس را تجربه می کردند. از آنجا که مراقبان مرد و دارای سن پایین تر افسردگی بیشتری را تجربه می کردند، توجه به این گروه دارای اهمیت می باشد. به علاوه شدت اضطراب در مراقبان جوان تر و کسانی که از بیمار مرد مراقبت می کردند بیشتر بود، لذا ارائه مداخلاتی برای این گروه پیشنهاد می گردد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Prevalence of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress among Caregivers’ of Patients with Stroke

نویسندگان [English]

  • Simin Soudagar 1
  • Masoumeh Rambod 2

1 MS, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran

2 PhD, Community Based Psychiatric Care Research Center, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

چکیده [English]

Background: Caregivers of stroke patients may be at risk of psychological problems. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress among caregivers of patients with stroke.
Methods: This was a descriptive and cross-sectional study. One hundred and twenty two caregivers of stroke patients who referred to Payambar Aazam Hospital in Bandar Abbas participated in this study. Convenience sampling was used. The Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS-21) were used for data collection. The data were analyzed using Chi-square and ANOVA tests.
Results: Sixty eight percent of stroke patients’ caregivers suffered from mild to extremely severe depression. Approximately, two-third and half of the stroke patients’ caregivers experienced mild to extremely severe anxiety and stress, respectively. The results of the study showed that there was a significant statistical relationship between depression level and caregivers’ gender (c2=11.15, p=0.01) and caregivers’ age (F=3.30, p=0.02). In addition, an association was observed between the caregivers’ level of anxiety and the patients’ gender (c2=12.04, p=0.007) and age (F=5.93, p=0.001).
Conclusion: The findings of this study indicated that there was a high percentage of depression and anxiety among the caregivers of stroke patients. In addition, half of the caregivers experienced stress. Since, male and younger caregivers experienced more depression, attention to this group is crucial. Moreover, the intensity of anxiety was higher in younger caregivers and those who were caring for male patients, so making interventions for this group is recommended.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Caregivers
  • Stroke
  • depression
  • Anxiety

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