نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی مدارک پزشکی، گروه فناوری اطلاعات سلامت، دانشکده پیراپزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی زاهدان، زاهدان، ایران

2 استادیار انفورماتیک پزشکی، گروه فناوری اطلاعات سلامت، دانشکده پیراپزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی زاهدان، زاهدان، ایران

3 استادیار مدیریت اطلاعات سلامت، گروه فناوری اطلاعات سلامت، دانشکده پیراپزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی همدان، همدان، ایران

4 کارشناس مدارک پزشکی، بیمارستان بهاران، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی زاهدان، زاهدان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: افزایش ناتوانی ها و مرگ و میرهای منسوب به حوادث ترافیکی تبدیل به یک نگرانی بزرگ جهانی شده است. استفاده از اطلاعات اپیدمیولوژی مربوط به رخداد حوادث در برنامه های پیشگیری نقش اساسی دارد؛ لذا مطالعه حاضر در جهت تعیین وضعیت اپیدمیولوژیک مصدومین حوادث ترافیکی مراجعه کننده به بیمارستان خاتم الانبیاء شهرستان زاهدان انجام شد.مواد و روش:  در این مطالعه توصیفی- مقطعی از مجموع 466 مصدوم حوادث ترافیکی مراجعه کننده به بیمارستان خاتم الانبیاء زاهدان، نمونه ای به تعداد 210 نفر به صورت تصادفی ساده انتخاب گردید. در جهت گردآوری داده ها از چک لیستی مشتمل بر چهار قسمت: مشخصات دموگرافیک، حادثه، بالین و ترخیص مصدومین حوادث ترافیکی استفاده شد. با مراجعه حضوری به بیمارستان و مطالعه پرونده مصدومین حوادث ترافیکی، استخراج اطلاعات و تکمیل چک لیست ها صورت گرفت. برای تحلیل داده های مطالعه از نرم افزار SPSS ورژن ۱۶ استفاده شد.یافته ها: 9/82 درصد مصدومین مرد، 61 درصد مجرد و 2/35 درصد صدمه دیدگان در گروه سنی ۲۵-16 سال بودند. 2/35 درصد مصدومین موتور سوار بوده و بیشترین صدمات (8/34 درصد) از نوع شکستگی بوده است. اکثر صدمات ( 5/40 درصد) در موضع سر و گردن بوده و برای اکثر مصدومان (4/42 درصد) اقدامات جراحی انجام شده است. ۵/۳ درصد مصدومان نیز فوت نموده اند.  بحث و نتیجه گیری: یافته ها نشان داد که جمعیت جوان، مرد و مجرد بیش از سایر گروه های جامعه درگیر حوادث ترافیکی بوده است. لذا اتخاذ برنامه های پیشگیری مبتنی بر جامعه درگیر از توصیه های مهم مطالعه حاضر می باشد. در این زمینه استفاده از رسانه ها و مدارس در جهت نهادینه نمودن فرهنگ رانندگی و ترافیک از نکات مهم قابل طرح می باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

An Epidemiological Survey of Traffic Accident Victims Who Referred to Khatam Al Anbia Hospital in Zahedan

نویسندگان [English]

  • Afsaneh Karimi 1
  • Yousef Mehdipour 2
  • Ali Mohammadpour 3
  • Asma Heidari Dalir 4
  • Hamid Bouraghi 3

1 Medical Records lecturer, Health Information Technology Dept., Paramedical school, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

2 Medical Informatics (PhD), Health Information Technology Dept., Paramedical school, Zahedan University Of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

3 Health Information Management (PhD), Health Information Technology Dept., School Of Paramedicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

4 Medical Records (BSc), Baharan Hospital, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

چکیده [English]

Background: The increase in morbidity and mortality rates owing to traffic accidents has become a major global concern. The use of epidemiological information pertinent to traffic accidents has a key role in prevention programs; therefore, the current study was done to determine the epidemiological characteristics of victims of traffic accidents who referred to Khatam Al Anbia Hospital in Zahedan.
Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, out of 466 traffic accident victims who referred to Khatam Al Anbia Hospital in Zahedan, a sample of 210 people were selected randomly. Data were collected with a checklist that included 4 sections: demographic information, accident, clinical features, and discharge information of injured patients.  Data extraction and checklist completion were done by going to the hospital and studying the patients’ records. SPSS software version 16 was used for data analysis.
Results: According to results of the research, 82.9% of victims were male, 61% single, and 35.2% were in the age group of 16-25 years old. 35.2% were motorcyclists and most of the injuries (34.8%) were fractures. The body organs mostly affected by injury were head and neck (40.5%). Surgical procedures were performed for most victims (42.4%). 3.5% of victims died.
Conclusion: The findings showed that male, single, and young people were more involved in traffic accidents than other groups. Therefore, the adoption of community-based prevention programs is one of the important recommendations of this study. In this regard, the use of media and schools to institutionalize the culture of driving and traffic can be highlighted.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Accidents
  • Traffic
  • Epidemiology

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