نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیئت علمی دانشکده پیراپزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی البرز، کرج، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی سلامت در بلایا و فوریت ها، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری سلامت در حوادث و بلایا، کمیته تحقیقات مدیریت و اقتصاد سلامت، دانشکده مدیریت و اطلاع رسانی پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

4 عضو هیئت علمی دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی البرز، کرج، ایران

5 دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی آمار زیستی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

6 دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی سلامت در بلایا و فوریت ها، کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشکده مدیریت و اطلاع رسانی پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز، شیراز، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: تاب‌آوری را فرایند تطابق موفقیت‌آمیز با تجارب آسیب زا می‌دانند. مفهوم منبع کنترل نیز به توانایی انسان در کنترل شرایط و رویدادهای محیطی اشاره دارد. تاب آوری و منبع کنترل از مولفه‌های تاثیرگذار بر پیشرفت تحصیلی دانشجویان می دانند. پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی ارتباط بین تاب آوری و منبع کنترل دانشجویان دانشکده پیراپزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی البرز با عملکرد تحصیلی انجام گردید.مواد و روش: این مطالعه از نوع مقطعی بود که در دانشکده پیراپزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی البرز با حجم نمونه 180 نفر و با روش نمونه گیری تصادفی طبقه ای ساده انجام گردید. ابزار گردآوری داده ها شامل پرسشنامه اطلاعات جمعیت شناختی، معدل کل دانشجویان و پرسشنامه های استاندارد شده تاب آوری کانر و دیویدسون؛ و منبع کنترل راتر بود. برای تجزیه و تحلیل نهایی داده­ها از نرم افزار 23 SPSS، آمار توصیفی (میانگین و انحراف معیار) و آمار تحلیلی (ضریب همبستگی اسپیرمن و پیرسون، تی مستقل، رگرسیون خطی چندگانه) استفاده گردید.یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد که بین تاب آوری و منبع کنترل ارتباط معنی دار وجود داشت یعنی افراد تاب آور از منبع کنترل درونی برخوردار بودند (میزان همبستگی41/0-و 0001/0>P). اما با عملکرد تحصیلی ارتباط معناداری دیده نشد. دانشجویان پسر(008/0P=)، و غیرخوابگاهی (025/0P=) تاب آورتر از سایرین بودند. همچنین عملکرد تحصیلی در دانشجویان دختر (037/0P=)، و غیرخوابگاهی (005/0P=)  به طور معناداری بهتر از سایر دانشجویان بود.بحث و نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج این مطالعه نشان داد که دانشجویان غیرخوابگاهی از تاب آوری بالاتر و عملکرد تحصیلی بهتری نسبت به خوابگاهی ها برخوردار بودند. انجام مطالعات بیشتر در این طمینه پیشنهاد می شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between Resilience and Locus of Control in Students of Alborz University of Medical Sciences in 2017

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rohangiz Norouzinia 1 2 3
  • Ali Ehsan Heidari 4
  • Elham Ahmadi Basiri 5
  • Milad Ahmadi 6

1 Faculty member, School of Paramedical Sciences, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran| PhD student of Health in Emergency and Disaster in Isfahan university of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran |

2 Faculty member, School of Paramedical Sciences, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran| PhD student of Health in Emergency and Disaster in Isfahan university of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran |

3 Faculty member, School of Paramedical Sciences, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran| PhD student of Health in Emergency and Disaster in Isfahan university of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran |

4 Faculty member, School of Medical Sciences, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran

5 PhD Student of Biostatistics in Isfahan university of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

6 Ph.D Student of Health in Disasters and Emergencies, Student Research Committee, School of Management and Medical Informatics, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

چکیده [English]

Background: Resilience is defined as a successful acclimatization process with injurious experiences. The concept of the source of control refers to human's ability in controlling conditions and environmental events. In some surveys, resilience and locus of control are known as factors affecting academic progress of students. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between students’ resilience and their source of control with their academic performance conducted at Paramedical School, Alborz University of Medical Sciences.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed with180 students at Alborz University of Medical Sciences with simple stratified random sampling. Data collection tools included a demographic questionnaire, students' total average, Connor-Davidson standardized resilience questionnaires, and Rotter's locus of control. In order to analyze the data, SPSS 23 software and descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and analytical statistics (Pearson and Spearman correlation coefficient, independent t-test, multiple linear regression) were used.
Results: The results showed that there was a significant relationship between resilience and locus of control, i.e. the resilient individuals had internal locus of control (r=-0.418, P<0.0001). Male students (P=0.008) and off campus students (P=0.025) were more resilient than others. In addition, academic performance of female students (P=0.037), and off campus students (P=0.005) was significantly better than that of other students.
Conclusion: The results showed that off campus students were more resilient and had a better academic performance than on-campus students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Resiliency
  • Locus of Control
  • Academic Performance
  • Students

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