نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مرکز تحقیقات مراقبت های روان جامعه نگر، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز، شیراز، ایران

2 دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، شیراز، ایران

3 بخش روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

4 مرکز تحقیقات علوم رفتاری، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بقیة الله(عج)، تهران، ایران

5 بخش آمار زیستی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز، شیراز، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: با توجه به اهمیت حس تعلق در شکل‌گیری ادراک حرفه ای و تجارب بالینی دانشجویان پرستاری، در این مطالعه عوامل موثر بر تعلق حرفه ای از دیدگاه دانشجویان پرستاری مورد بررسی قرار گرفته تا با شرح فاکتورهای دخیل در آن، زمینه ارتقاء و شکل گیری آن را در دانشجویان پرستاری فراهم آورد.مواد و روش: در این مطالعه کیفی داده ها از طریق 15 مصاحبه نیمه ساختاریافته با دانشجویان کارشناسی پرستاری جمع آوری گردید. مصاحبه های ضبط شده  با روش آنالیز محتوا تحلیل شدند. روایی داده‌ها با استفاده از معیارهای اعتبار، قابلیت اعتماد و تایید پذیری بررسی گردید.یافته‌ها: آنالیز داده‌ها در مجموع 2 طبقه اصلی را استخراج کرد 1- پیامدهای درک شده شامل زیر مجموعه های پذیرش جامعه، نگرش درونی، بازخورد از مدرس، دیدن نتیجه کار، پذیرش خانواده، تجارب یادگیری 2- ارتباطات حرفه ای با زیر مجموعه‌های ارتباطات درمانی ، ارتباطات بین فردی پرسنل، ارتباطات بین فردی استاد با دانشجو و پذیرش دانشجو در بخشبحث و نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به تاکید دانشجویان بر نقش پیامدهای درک شده و ارتباطات حرفه ای، تلاش برای ایجاد شرایطی که دانشجویان احساس کنند عضوی از تیم مراقبت هستند و آماده سازی و آموزش کارکنان جهت پذیرفتن دانشجویان به عنوان همکاران آینده خود باید مورد توجه برنامه ریزان آموزش قرار گیرد . معرفی پرستاری حرفه ای در سطح جامعه می تواند نقش حمایت کننده در تعلق حرفه ای دانشجویان پرستاری داشته باشد .

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Professional Belonging in Nursing Students: A Qualitative Research

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ladan Zarshenas 1
  • Farkhondeh Sharif 1
  • Zahra Molazem 2
  • Mohammad Khayyer 3
  • Abbas Ebadi 4
  • Najaf Zare 5

1 Department of Mental Health Nursing, Community Based Nursing and Midwifery Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 Department of educational psychology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

4 Department of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

5 Department of Biostatistics, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

چکیده [English]

Background:  Considering the importance of sense of belonging in the formation of professional identity and clinical experiences of nursing students, in this study, the factors involved in the sense of belonging from nursing students’ perspective were studied to promote and form this phenomenon in nursing students explaining the factors involved.
Methods: A Qualitative research design was adopted and data were collected through 15 semi-structured interviews with nursing students. The recorded interviews were analyzed using content analysis. The validity of the data was evaluated using the criteria of credibility, dependability, and conformability.
Results: The data were extracted in 2 main categories: 1- Perceived consequences which included a subset of the community acceptance, internal perspective, feedback from the instructors, viewing the results, interaction with peers, family acceptance, and learning experiences, 2- Professional relationships which included a subset of health communications, staff interpersonal communication, interpersonal communication of the students with their instructors, and student acceptance in the ward.
Conclusion: Considering the importance of perceived consequences and professional communications, creating a situation in which students feel they are part of the care team is of high importance. To this end, preparation and training of personnel to accept students as their future colleagues should be considered by education planners. The introduction of professional nursing in the community can play a supporting role in providing a sense of belonging in nursing students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Professional
  • Qualitative
  • Nursing students
  • Socialization

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