نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دکترای پرستاری، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی حضرت فاطمه (س)، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز، شیراز، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکترای پرستاری، کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی حضرت فاطمه (س)، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز، شیراز، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: ایمنی بیمار و کیفیت مراقبت، به کار تیمی و مهارت ارتباط بین فردی بستگی دارد. بنابراین برخورداری از نگرش مثبت نسبت به کار تیمی نیز ضروری است. با این حال رابطه نگرش نسبت به کار تیمی با مهارت‌های بین فردی مشخص نیست. از این رو مطالعه حاضر با هدف تعیین همبستگی مهارت‌های ارتباط بین فردی با نگرش نسبت به کار تیمی در دانشجویان پرستاری انجام شد.   مواد و روش: این پ‍ژوهش مقطعی در سال 1395 انجام شد. نمونه پژوهش شامل 84 دانشجوی پرستاری با میانگین سنی 02/2±90/21 بود که با روش سرشماری انتخاب شدند. ابزارهای گردآوری داده‌ها «پرسشنامه مهارت‌های ارتباطی بین فردی» و «پرسشنامه نگرش نسبت به کار تیمی» بودند. داده‌ها با استفاده از  نرم افزار SPSS نسخه 16 و با آمار توصیفی، ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و اسپیرمن، آزمون t مستقل و من ویتنی تجزیه و تحلیل شدند.نتایج: یافته‌ها نشان داد بین مهارت ارتباط بین فردی با نمره کل نگرش نسبت به کار تیمی (001/0>P، 42/0=r) و ابعاد رهبری(001/0>P، 46/0=r)، ساختار تیم (003/0=P، 32/0=r) و ارتباط (04/0=P، 23/0=r) رابطه آماری معنی‌دار وجود داشت (05/0>P). همچنین دانشجویان مرد نمره نگرش نسبت به بعد ارتباط در کار تیمی بالاتری در مقایسه با زنان داشتند (037/0=P).بحث و نتیجه‌گیری: یافته‌ها نشان داد که مهارت ارتباط بین فردی با نگرش نسبت به کار تیمی و ابعاد رهبری، ساختار تیم و نگرش نسبت به ارتباط، همبستگی مثبت داشت. بنابراین می‌توان به منظور بهبود نگرش نسبت به کار تیمی، تقویت مهارت‌های بین فردی را نیز توصیه کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between Interpersonal Communication Skills and Nursing Students’ Attitudes toward Teamwork

نویسندگان [English]

  • Z Khademian 1
  • B Tehrani Neshat 2

2 PhD Candidate in nursing, MSN, Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

چکیده [English]

 


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Home > Vol 5, No 2 (2017) > Khademian

 

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION SKILLS AND NURSING STUDENTS’ ATTITUDES TOWARD TEAMWORK

Z Khademian, B Tehrani Neshat



ABSTRACT



Background: Patient safety and quality of health-care delivery depend very much on effective teamwork and interpersonal skills. Moreover, maintaining a positive attitude toward teamwork is vital. Considering the importance of interpersonal skills in an organization, the relationship between individuals’ attitudes toward teamwork and their interpersonal skills is not yet very clear. Therefore, this gap in research triggered the researchers to determine the relationship between interpersonal communication skills and attitudes toward teamwork in nursing students.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016. The sample consisted of 84 nursing students with a mean age of 21.92 ± 2.02 who were selected by census method. Data collection instruments were "Interpersonal Communication Skills Questionnaire" and "Teamwork Attitude Questionnaire". To analyze the data, descriptive statistics, Pearson and Spearman correlation coefficient, independent t-test and Mann-Whitney were run, using SPSS software version 16.  
Results: The findings showed that there was a significant positive relationship between the interpersonal communication skills and the total score of attitudes toward teamwork (r = 0.42, P < 0.001), dimensions of leadership (r = 0.46, P< 0.001), team structure (r=0.32, P= 0.003), and communication (r=0.23, P=0.04). In comparison with their female counterparts, male nursing students reported higher scores on the communication dimension (P = 0.037).
Conclusion: The findings revealed that the interpersonal skills had a positive and moderate correlation with the attitudes toward teamwork, leadership, team structure and communication dimensions. Therefore, in order to improve the attitudes of health care providers toward teamwork, it is recommended to reinforce interpersonal skills in the workplace.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Attitude
  • Communication
  • Interpersonal relations
  • Students
  • Nursing

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