نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری اپیدمیولوژی، گروه اپیدمیولوژی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز، شیراز، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی بهداشت عمومی، دانشکده بهداشت اوز، دانشکده علوم پزشکی لارستان، لارستان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: کیفیت زندگی یکی از مسائل مهم برای مراقبت از سلامتی است و یکی از اهداف بزرگ به منظور افزایش سلامت افراد به شمار می رود. کیفیت زندگی سالمندان به دلیل نیازهای ویژه این افراد می تواند به آسانی مورد تهدید قرار گیرد و لذا توجه به کیفیت زندگی دوران سالمندی ضروری به نظر می رسد و مطالعه حاضر نیز به منظور مقایسه کیفیت زندگی سالمندان مقیم خانه و سرای سالمندان انجام شد.مواد و روش: در مطالعه حاضر که از نوع مقطعی بود تمامی سالمندان مقیم سرای سالمندان در مطالعه شرکت کردند و نمونه گیری از سالمندان مقیم خانه به روش چند مرحله‌ای و با مراجعه به درب منازل انجام گرفت. جهت ارزیابی کیفیت زندگی از پرسشنامه کیفیت زندگی لیپاد استفاده شد. اطلاعات جمع‌آوری شده از پرسشنامه ها به منظور تجزیه و تحلیل وارد نرم‌افزار SPSS شده و مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند.نتایج: در مطالعه حاضر 96 سالمند شهر لار مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند که میانگین(انحراف معیار) نمره کلی کیفیت زندگی سالمندان 98/73(16/18) بود. یافته‌ها نشان داد که نمره کیفیت زندگی سالمندان مقیم خانه بطور معنی‌داری بالاتر از سالمندان مقیم سرای سالمندان می‌باشد (001/0>P ).بحث و نتیجه گیری: سالمندانی که در سرای سالمندان زندگی می‌کردند نسبت به سالمندان مقیم خانه، کیفیت زندگی پایین‌تری داشتند. لذا بایستی کیفیت زندگی این افراد و عوامل موثر بر آن مورد بررسی قرار گیرد و راهکارهای لازم در جهت بهبود آن در نظر گرفته شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of Quality of Life among Elderly People Living in Homes and Nursing Homes in Lar

نویسندگان [English]

  • A Maghsoudi 1
  • Y Koohshoorinia 2
  • M Hoseini 2
  • P Karami 2
  • M Atbaee 2
  • Z Bahadori 2
  • AM Mokhtari 1

1 PhD Student of Epidemiology, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Bsc Student of Public Health, Evaz School of Health, Larestan School of Medical Sciences, Larestan, Iran

چکیده [English]

Background: Quality of life is an important issue in health care and one of the major objectives to enhance health. Because of the special needs of the elderly, their quality of life can be threatened easily. Therefore, attention to quality of life seems necessary in old ages. This study aimed to compare the quality of life among elderly people living in homes and nursing homes.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on all elderly people in nursing homes selected through multi-stage sampling. The data were collected using Leipad Elderly Quality of Life Questionnaire. Then, the data were analyzed using the SPSS statistical software.
Results: This study was conducted on 96 elderly individuals in Lar. The mean (SD) score of overall quality of life was 73.98 (18.16). Besides, quality of life was significantly higher among the elderly living in homes compared to those living in nursing homes (P<0.001).
Conclusion: The elderly who lived in nursing homes had a considerably lower quality of life compared to those living in homes. Therefore, these individuals’ quality of life has to be examined and necessary strategies have to be taken to improve it.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aging
  • Nursing home
  • Quality of life

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